Hidden science behind the textiles
Webinar on ‘The Science behind the Traditional Fabrics of India and the Fashion World’ organized by Pushpa Gujral Science City
Kapurthala: A Webinar on ‘The Science behind the Traditional Fabrics of India and the Fashion World’ was organized by Women Technology Park of Science City . Ms. Jaspreet Talwar, Principal Secretary Department of Water Supply & Sanitation of Govt. Of Punjab was the Chief Guest on this occasion. Around 300 students of Fashion Designing Colleges /institute ,schools and general masses participated . While addressing the participants she said that, India’s textiles sector is one of the oldest industries in Indian economy dating back several centuries. Archaeological surveys and studies have indicated that the people of Harappa civilization were familiar with weaving and the spinning of cotton for as long as four thousand years ago. Reference to weaving and spinning materials is also found in the Vedic Literature and block printed and resist-dyed fabric, the origin of which is from Gujarat, were found in the tombs of Misr-Al-Fustat, Egypt, thus, indicating the export of Indian cotton textiles to the Nile Civilization. Large quantities of Indian silk were traded through the silk route to the western countries. In modern times also Indian fabrics are in high demand world wide and textile exports contribute 5 % of India’s GDP. The sector is estimated to have a potential to reach $ 50 billion as it also provides employment to over 45 million people directly and 60 million people indirectly. Further she that Science has significantly contributed towards development and use of traditional fabrics and continues to contribute to the development of textile industry.
Dr Neelima Jerath, Director General, Science City said that Science has played a major role in promotion of handlooms, handicrafts and sericulture besides technological contributions in weaving, spinning, dyeing and garment production through textile engineering. She informed that innovation Science and Technology have helped to develop new types of clothes, the latest being “Sustainable fabrics”, like paper cloth ( used in high fashion clothing), Pinatex from Pineapple, Micotex from mushroom, Orange Fibre Cloth, Eucalyptus yarn and cactus leather. It has also contributed in preservation of traditional fabrics like vicuna wool, Alpaca wool, Cashmere wool, Shahtoosh, etc through Biodiversity conservation.
The expert speaker Mrs Harpreet kaur, Head, Department of Fashion Design, KMV College, Jalandhar introduced the participants to the world of textile crafts of India and made them understand the finer details of traditional textile crafts and the fashion world. She explained the science behind the fabrics, the various scientific methods and techniques used in the manufacturing and designing of the fabrics. While concluding, she said, “Everyone should adopt and purchase traditional Indian handicrafts as not only are they most suitable as per weather but also made with fabrics dyed with natural dyes which are non-allergic. Moreover we contribute in preserving our rich heritage and provide sustainable livelihood to artisans too. So, we do our bit as Sustainable Consumers by adopting 3P’s of Planet, People and Profit!” / (December 19, 2020)